What do you know about watermelon cultivation and watermelon production in Nigeria? Here in the article you will be able to find some information about watermelon seeds and, in particular, see watermelon farming guide.
There is no point in talking about the benefits of watermelons, they are pretty obvious: sweet juicy fruits are recommended in curing diseases of heart and blood vessels, kidney, liver, disorders of salt metabolism, obesity and many other ailments. It is the richest source of potassium, magnesium, iron, folic acid, vitamins, acids and pectin substances.
Watermelon farming or how to plant watermelon?
Homeland of watermelons — is Kalahari desert in South Africa. Still there can occur wild watermelons resembling a tennis ball in shape, weighing about 200 grams. More than 4,000 years ago, watermelons began to grow in Ancient Egypt. The Egyptians placed watermelons in the tombs of pharaohs as food source for their afterlife existence. Later, watermelons began to be cultivated in Persia, Arabia, India and other Asian countries with dry and hot climate.
Choosing of place for watermelon production in Nigeria
The best and the most suitable place for growing watermelons is sandy soil or loamy soil.
If you have some area which has enough sun light, especially if it is fertilized with humus it is just what you need.
Time for watermelon planting
- June to July;
THE MAIN PECULARITY – you need to avoid the time of rains. Fruits planted just after plowing time can give you better germination in comparison with doing this on the next day.
The quality of watermelon seeds can be checked by dipping them in a 3-5% solution of salt. Those that sink can be prepared for sowing.
Seeds have a leathery shell and can’t give a sprout. You can help them – just soak them in warm (30-35C) water daily. In order to make your plants more resistant to diseases, warm the seeds under the sun for seven to ten days.
Watermelon farming guide
Watermelon cultivation – Method 1
Sowing is carried out in a convenient method of watermelon farming, for example, in a round hole with a diameter of 1 m. You need to dig the hole to a depth of 30 cm and then make about 10 holes and drop some seeds there. Great shape varieties and hybrids seeds are to be placed at a depth of 6-8 cm, and small seed watermelons – 4-6 cm.
Watermelon farming – Method 2
In addition, you can use the most common and ordinary method. The rows for watermelon seeds should be of 1.4-2.8 m, and the distance between crops in a row is to be from 0.5 to 2 m.
After fertilizing your sewing with compost, pour your seeds with heated by the sun water. Expect germination in about 10 days.
If you want to grow big and sweet watermelon outdoors ― remember that in the hole should be only one plant ― try to take notice – 1 square meter shouldn’t have more than three plantings.
Needed care after watermelon seeds
Best organic fertilizer is humus. Fresh manure is delaying the growing season and affects the taste qualities of the fruit, weaken the resistance of plants to diseases. Phosphorus and potassium fertilizers affect the good quality of the fruit and hasten ripening.
If the soil is insufficiently fertilized in the holes, put in the hole for seeds one pound of compost and put 8-10 inches of soil on its top. When planting it is necessary to comply with the row-spacing width: for watermelon – 1.8 meters. When the seedling grows up, it is uniformly distributed: one sprout to the right, the second – to the left. On the Central stem, a place of fruit formation, you need to leave 3-4, and you have to nip off the remaining part of the stem on the 6-7th leaf.
You need to water watermelon once a week only at early stages of its development. Later, it will be able to provide itself with moisture on its own, with its long roots. Therefore, when watermelons became mature, you are to stop watering them.
To get the fruit as soon as possible – during their flowering you can pollinate them on your own – we find the female flowers (they are with a small round berry) and pollinate it by touching with male flowers (with previously disclosed petals), further natural pollination is for bees.
Collecting watermelons is best after they are fully ripened, otherwise staying out of the bush they get ripen for a very long time. Signs of maturing – drying tendrils, uniform color, a dull sound when flapping the fruit, and if pressured there you can here crackle of rind.
So, in order to grow a good crop of watermelons, you need to provide the plants with heat, limit the number of fruits, give adequate nutrition.
Now, we hope that it is clear how to achieve success in watermelon farming in Nigeria.